Iman ايمان is the arabic term for ‘belief’. From an Islamic perspective, it is to believe in Allah as One, and the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) as His last and final Messenger. In the famous Hadith of Jibreel, The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) explains Iman as, ‘That you affirm Allah, His angels, His books, His messengers, and the Last Day, and that you affirm the Decree, the good of it and the bad of it.’ This is detailed in what is known as ‘Iman Mufassal’ which sets out the ‘seven basic beliefs’. These are:
– to believe in Allah
– to believe in His Angels
– to believe in His books
– to believe in His messengers
– to believe in the Last Day
– to believe in destiny; the good of it and the bad of it is from Allah.
– and to believe in the resurrection after death.
To have iman is the basis of a person’s Islam from which outward action can come forth.
And Allah knows best.