On the night of Ascension did the holy prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam physically go to masjid al aqsa, the heavens and to Allah Almighty or was it a spiritual journey?
Al-Israa and Al-Mi’raj was a journey that involved both the body and soul unlike what some people say that it involved only the latter. The main proof is that Abu-Bakr got his title “As-Seddiq” (the most sincere) based on this incident. Moreover, there were several cases of people embracing Islam following this event. Furthermore, the disbelievers of Quraysh were in a state of chaos after this journey. Had this journey only involved the soul, none of this would have happened as Jibril (AS) “Gabriel” used to come regularly to the prophet (SAWS) without any similar consequences.
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And Allah knows best