In the year 1924 A.D./1343 A.H., he went to Ajmer Sharif to join as the Head teacher (Sadr al-Mudarrisin) for Dar al-‘Ulûm Mu’iniyah Uthmaniyah.
In 1933 A.D./1351 A.H., he returned back to Bareilly, and stayed here for a continuous 3 years. After that he joined as the Sadr al-Mudarrisin of Dar al-‘Ulum Hafiziah Shervani, in response to an invitation of Nawab Haji Ghulam Muhammad Khan Shervan ruler Dadun (Ali Garh), and stayed there in that capacity for a full seven years, rendering yeoman service, for the cause of learning and for the uplifting of the institution. The great scholar and administrator Maulana Habib al-Rehman Shervani while delivering a presidential speech on the occasion of the Annual function of the school, in 1937A.D./1356 A.H., paid glorious tributes to the personal and professional qualification of Moulana Amjad Ali in the following words:
Mawlana Amjad Ali is one of the four or five teachers in the whole sub-continent whom I recognise as having been appointed on merits.
At that time, Maulana ‘Abd al-Mushahid Khan was working as an assistant teacher in the same school. He has also expressed his impression in these words:
Maulana Amjad Ali was the Chief teacher (Sadr al-Mudarris) in this institution for more than seven years. He had also worked as a Head Master in various schools at Bareilly, Ajmer, and many other places all around the sub-continent of India. Being an experienced teacher for quite a number of years, he has full command over the profession of teaching.
Up to 1943 A.D./1327A.H. He stayed at Dadun, then he remain at Banaras for a year; thereafter, till 1945 AD/1364 A.H., he taught at Dar al-‘ Ulum Manzar al-Islam, in Bareilly.
In the vicinity of the Ajmer shrines, the descendants and offspring of Prithvi Raj had settled as permanent inhabitants. Though these settlers were converts to Islam, they retained and followed practices, which were openly contrary to Islam, and its teachings, and at times bordering the fringes of atheism, and cults of idolatry. They were also deficient and negligent about the fundamental modes of worship, and their fulfilment with due regard to the Farai’dh (compulsory), and Wajibat.
At the advice and guidance of Hadrat Sadr al-Shari’ah, his students and disciples chalked a programme of Tabligh (conveying the message of Islam, especially its fundamentals, and basic principles), amongst these nominal Muslims. The programme was religiously implemented. It had pleasant effects. The visits and preaching of young students under the command of the religious leaders worked magic on those eager and God-fearing minds, because their Islamic nomenclature was at stake, unless it was corrected in time and tuned to Islamic Ideology. The verve and zest displayed by these people soon transformed their entire outlook and they clustered around these enthusiastic preachers and they open-heartedly and whole-heartedly welcomed their Iman arousing sermons and resolved to act upon them.
AS A LEADER
Hadrat Sadr al-Shari’ah was basically and mentally tuned as a religious scholar, but he was also at home and conversant with the politics of the day (which was raging throughout the length and breadth of the sub-continent). And whenever and wherever necessity chose, he defended and extolled the Islamic nation, even as a political entity with sound reasoning and in political parlance. His murshid-e-tariqat (mystic leader), Imam Ahmed Rida Bareilly was a staunch supporter of the “Two Nation Theory”, which was based on the fundamental issue that the nations of idol worshipers (but parast) and idol breaker (but shikan), cannot be joined into a single nation. This was the basic foundation of the demand for Pakistan.
Hadrat Sadr al-Shari’ah was a true believer of the Muslim nationhood as a separate entity, and so was Sadr al-Afadhil Sayyid Na’eemuddin Muraadabadi, and many of our great and eminent scholars, and he spread no endeavours for the cause of Muslim entity. He preached this theory with full force of his command on the 14th of Rajab 1339, corresponding 24th March 1921, Jami’ah al-‘Ulema al-Hind (which consisted mostly of the Nationalist Muslims) held their convention, at Bareilly in which Maulana Abu al-Kalam Azad and other leaders participated.
The leaders of the Jamiat had come fully prepared, and confident that they will outwit and defeat the opponents of Muslim-Hindu unity. Maulana Amjad Ali, being the president of the Academic branch of Jam’ah al-Raza-e-Mustafa accepted the challenge and presented to the leaders of the Jami’ah ‘Ulema-e-Hind a comprehensive questionnaire based on 70 questions related to the so-called Hindu-Muslim unity, and demanded their reply to the said-questionnaire. But the pro-Hindu “Ulema” of the Jami’ah ‘Ulema-e-Hind failed to send even one reply to the questions posed, in spite of repeated reminders which were sent to them.
The great learned scholar, Maulana Sayyid Na’im al-Din al-Muradabadi, expressed the under-noted opinion of the said questionnaire in a letter addressed to Imam Ahmed Rida Khan:
“Our Master! Your blessings abound
After presenting my greeting of salaam, I beg to submit that after taking the leave of yours, I reached my residence and studied the comprehensive questionnaire. Really these questions are based on “Divine Dispensation”. Surely these questions do not provide the opponents any room for a convincing reply (and definitely they are defenceless at the moment)
At the time of departure, Abu al-Kalam Azad said at the Bareilly-Ry Station: All the various objections raised in the questionnaire are real and correct. Why should people commit errors, which cannot be (adequately) replied and defended. Such errors (falsehoods) provide the other party an opportunity to seize upon it”
On 19-20 Sha’ban corresponding 3/4th October 1350 A.H./1939 A.D., a meeting was held in Muradabad, under the chairmanship of the Khalifa al-Awwal of Imam Ahmed Rida, al-Sheikh, al-‘Allama Mufti Hujjah al-Islam, Hamid Rida Khan. In this meeting, Hadrat Sadr al-Shari’ah was prominent by his august presence. All this jamiat later became popular with the name of “All India Sunni Conference”
In April 1946, a convention on a grand scale was held at Banaras, under the auspices of Sunni Conference. The session so held was unique and unparalleled as a very large number of Scholars and Saints, to the tune of over 5, 000 in number participated. This convention had assumed the fundamental significance for the establishment and consolidation of Pakistan. In that session, a committee was set up, comprising of prominent ‘Ulema and Masha’ikh to suggest ways, and also to give their views and opinions for a means for the smooth running of an Islamic Government body. Among the distinguished participants, was none other than the name of Hadrat Sadr al-Shari’ah.
ALLAH, blessed Mawlana Amjad Ali with the bestowment of many different sciences and branches of knowledge and craft to perfection, but he had an intrinsic inclination towards the knowledge, which is regarded as sacred, as Imam Shafi’ once stated:
Every kind of knowledge except for that related to the Holy Qur’an is just a pastime... and except for Hadith, and Fiqh in the religion (Islamic Jurisprudence)
He had a great inclination towards Tafseer, Hadith and Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence). He had the detailed, but complex Islamic rulings of many different topics, of the Fiqh on the top of his tongue. In recognition of his multi dimensional acquisition of the various branches and sciences of knowledge , Imam Ahmed Rida, the Great Reviver of Islam, has conferred the title “Sadr al-Shari’ah” to him during his stay at Dadun (District of Aligarh).
Hadrat Sadr al-Shari’ah started writing marginal notes (annotations or hawashi) on the voluminous book of Imam Abu Ja’far Tahawi (d. 321A.H./933A.D.) on hadith, entitled “Sharh Ma’an al-‘athar”, and in the short period of seven months, he completed a comprehensive annotation. The special feature and note of surprise is that the annotation was hand-written with a fine-pointed pen, and that too with one pen; it comprised 450 pages, each page consisting of 35-36 lines! It means that having retired after each days’ arduous preoccupation, which consumed and enormous time and energy he found the time to write about 2 ½ pages each day. The heart rendering tragedy in this connection is that that composition of the marginal notes (Annotation) could not remain preserved (if this masterpiece had survived, it would have surely revolutionised the word of Islamic erudition as a monument of universal acclaim. It is really unfortunate that the Muslim ummah has been deprived of an ever-lasting source of learning and guidance) .
His second masterpiece is Fatawa Amjadia, which is a unique 4-volumed book, comprising of the various fatawa enquired in his service, as regards to many Islamic topics. One must note that these were only a few of the many questions that were asked to him, and most have not been recorded till date. Nonetheless, it is still quite a unique book of Academic Researches. Then he turned to writing books for the children, when the illustrated book of Primary education (in Urdu) was introduced, which contained pen-drawn pictures and drawings to illustrate the various letters of the Urdu alphabet.
Hadrat Amjad Ali wrote a primer (Urdu Qa’idah), containing pictures of lifeless objects. the Qa’idah had the blessing that the child experienced no difficulty in recognising and getting familiar with the alphabets. He could read the book of his standard in a much shorter time than through other methods.
He had the proficiency and skill of explaining very complex, and difficult passages in a simple and easy to understand language.
Bahâr-e-Sharî’at is that universally acclaimed book of Hadrat Sadr al-Shari’ah which can be justifiably called the Encyclopedia of the Hanafi Islamic Jurisprudence . Hadrat Sadr al-Shari’ah wrote 17 parts of the 20-chaptered book, and the other remaining 3 parts he could not write due to great subsequent sorrows of the death of members of his blessed family.
Nevertheless, to complete this great service he gave counsel that, due to his persistent illness, any of his students or family members should complete. Hence, the 3 parts were completed by his great students.
The renowned book of fatawa, entitled “Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri” or “Hindiyya” was compiled by the efforts of more than 500 outstanding scholars at that time. Despite this, there is not much written as regards to which proposition (mas’alah) is the most authentic and which one is weak. The respect that Alamgir showed and had for these great ‘Ulema who compiled Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri was that whenever they entered his court, ‘Alamgir would immediately stand up in respect for them.
On the other hand, Sadr al-Shari’ah wrote the famous Hanafi Encyclopaedia of Fiqh on his own, and in addition to this, he also made it clear and mentioned which proposition were authentic so that it is easier for the reader to learn and memorise the authentic propositions, without having to refer to books in languages which one could not understand. Furthermore, this book has been written in such a beautiful, but simple manner that not only can the ‘Ulema (scholars) use it, but also the public in general can gain much benefit from it.
If we look at it in this manner, then Bahar-e-Shari’at is a much more beneficial and advantageous service for Islam and the Muslim ummah, in comparison to Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri compiled by more than 500 outstanding scholars.
This book is said to have been started in writing, sometime in 1915 AD/1334 A.H., and was complete (up to the seventeen parts, then written in 1943 A.D./1362 A.H.). he had the desire to write the remaining 3 more parts, but circumstances did not permit. Within a short span of four years, eleven dear members of his family breathed their last. These bereavements took such a heavy toll of his mental and physical capability that he lost his sight and all the work of writing and completing anything came to a sudden halt.
The initial six parts of Bahâr-e-Sharî’at were personally heard (the author, Sadr al-Shari’ah, reciting them) by al-Sheikh Imâm Ahmed Ridâ Khan. He corrected or modified at carious places and embellished them with his introductory notes. The significant aspect of the Bahâr-e-Sharî’at is that each chapter begins with the verses of the Holy Qur’an, then the various ahâdîth as related to the topic, then an introductory note, followed by a detailed and concise annunciation of the jurisprudential problems and their answers according to the Qur’ân, Hadîth, Sunnah and the aqwal of the ‘Ulema.
Below we note the names of all the great students of Hadrat Sadr al-Shari’ah, Hakim Abu al-‘Ula Amjad ‘Ali A’azmi:
- “Sh’er Besha-e-Sunnat”, Munadhir al-A’azam, Moulana Hashmat ‘Ali of Pilibhit
- “Muhaddith al-A’azam Pakistan”, Maulana Abu al-Fadhl Sardar Ahmed of Layal Pura, now Faisalabad
- “Mujahid-e-Millat”, al-Sheikh al-‘Allama Maulana Habib al-Rehman, President of the All India Tabligh-e-Sirat (Orissa – India)
- Imam al-Nahw, Sadr al-’Ulema Sayyid Ghulam Jilani Merthi (author of Bashir al-Kamil, Bashir al-Najiyah, Bashir al-Qari, and many more works)
- “Hafiz-e-Millat” al-Shah, ‘Allama Hafiz ‘Abd al-‘Aziz Muhaddith-e-Muradabadi thumma Mubarakpuri, Principal of the renowned Islamic University, “al-Jamiâ’ Ashrafia, Misbah al-‘Uloom” in Mubarakpur, Azamgarh, India
- “Amin-e-Shari’at”, Munadhir-e-Ahl-e-Sunnat, Mufti-e-Azam Kanpur, Maulana Rifaqat Husain Muzaffarpuri
- “Shams al-‘Ulema”, Qadi Shams al-Din Jaunpuri (author of Qanun-e-Shari’at”)
- “Khayr al-Adhkiya” Hadrat Mawlana Ghulam Yazdani A’azmi, former Head teacher (Sadr al-Mudarris) of Jami’a Razviyya, Mazhar-e-Islam, in Bareilly Sharif.
- “Sayyid al-‘Ulema”, Sayyid Al-e-Mustafa – Marehra Sharif
- “Fakhr al-Amathi”l “Jami’ Ma’qulat wa Manqulat”, ‘Allama Muhammad Sulaiman Bhaghalpuri
- “Sheikh al-Hadith” Hadrat ‘Allama ‘Abd al-Mustafa A’azmi
- Hadrat ‘Allama ‘Abd al-Mustafa Azhari (son of Hadrat Sadr al-Shari’ah)
- “Khalil al-‘Ulema” Hadrat Maulana Mufti Khalil Khan Barkati
- “Sheikh al-‘Ulema”, Hadrat ‘Allama Ghulam Jilani Ghausvi
- “Ra’is al-Muhaddithin” Hadrat ‘Allama Mubin al-Din Amrohwi
- “Abu al-Mahasin” Hadrat Maulana Mohammad Mohsin Sahib Faqih al-Shafi’ – Lahore, Pakistan
- “Faqih-e-Azam” “Na’ib-e-Mufti-e-Azam”, al-Sheikh al-‘Allama Mufti Sharif al-Haq Amjadi
- Hadrat Maulana Mohammed Ilyas Siyalkoti
- Hadrat Maulana Mufti Mohammed A’jaz Radhwi
- Hadrat Maulana Waqar al-Din, Dar al-‘Ulum Amjadiya – Karachi - Pakistan
- Hadrat Maulana Taqaddus ‘Ali Khan, Sheikh al-Jami’ah Rashidiyah, Pir Gauth (Sindh – Pakistan)
- Hadrat Maulana Mukhtar al-Haq – Bikiturdir Sharif
- Hadrat Maulana Israr al-Haq Indori
- Hadrat Maulana Mukhtar al-Haq – “Khatib-e-A’azam” – Dar al-Salam
- Hadrat Maulana Khalil Ahmed Sahib Kichaucha Sharif
- Hadrat ‘allama Sayyid Zahir Ahmed – Aligarh
- Hadrat Maulana Mujib al-Islam saheb Adrawi
- Hadrat Maulana Afdhal al-Din M.P.
- Hadrat Maulana Mufti ‘Atfullah – Aligarh
- Hadrat Maulana Mehbub Rida Khan Sahib – Karachi
- Hadrat Maulana Sadiqullah sahib – Banaras
- Hadrat ‘Allama Ghulam Asi saheb – Balya
- Hadrat Maulana Qari Asad al-Haq Muradabadi
- Hadrat Maulana ‘Atiq al-Rehman tilshepuri
- “Muhaddith al-Kabîr”, al-Sheikh Dia al-Mustafa (son of Sadr al-Shari’ah)
- Hadrat ‘Allama Qari Raza al-Mustafa (son of Sadr al-Shari’ah)
- Hadrat Maulana Hakim Shams al-Huda sahibzadah
- Hadrat Maulana Mohammad Yahya – Ghausi
And many more great students upon whom, not only the ahle Sunnah, but also the entire Islamic nation looks with pride and honour.
- Sadr al-Afadhil ‘Allama Sayyid Na’im al-Din Muradabadi
- Hujjah al-Islam, ‘Allama Hamid Rida Khan (son of Imam Ahmed Rida)
- Mufti-e-A’zam-e-Hind, ‘Allama Mustafa Rida Khan (son of Imam Ahmed Rida)
- Malik al-‘Ulema ‘Allama Zafr al-Din Bihari
- ‘Umdah al-Mutakallimin Sayyid Sulaiman Ashraf Bihari
- Hadrat ‘Allama Sayyid Ahmed Ashraf ibn Ashrafi Miya – Kichaucha sharif
- Muhaddith-e-A’zam-e-Hind Sayyid Muhammed Kichauchavi
- Hadrat Maulana Hakim Barakat Tonki
- Hadrat ‘Allama Wakil Ahmed Sikandarpuri
- Hadrat ‘Allama Maulana Fadhl-e-Haqq Rampuri
- Hadrat ‘Allama Mu’in al-Din Ajmeri
- Hadrat Maulana Nur al-Hasan Rampuri
- Maulana Qadi ‘Abd al-Wahid sahib – Patna
- Hadrat ‘Allama Dia al-Din Pilibhiti
- Muballigh-e-Islam, Hadrat ‘Allama ‘Abd al-‘Alim Siddiqi Merthi
- Hadrat Maulana Sayyid Misbah al-Hasan
BLESSED KHULAFA (Accredited Successors)
Here are the names of his famous Khulafa:
- Sher Besha-e-Sunnat, Mazhar-e-Alahadrat, al-Sheikh ‘Allama Hashmat ‘Ali Khan
- Muhaddith-e-azam Pakistan, Maulana Sardar Ahmed Khan
- Hafiz-e-Din-o-Millat, Hadrat ‘Allama ‘Abd al-‘Aziz “Muhaddith-e-Muradabadi”
- “Sheikh al-‘Ulema” Hadrat ‘Allama Ghulam Jilani A’azmi
- Mufti-e-Azam Kanpur, al-Sheikh Mufti Rifaqat Husain Kanpuri
- Hadrat ‘Allama Hafiz Qari MuHammad Musleh al-Din Siddiqui
- Sharih Bukhari, Faqih-e-Azam, al-Sheikh Mufti Sharif al-Haqq Amjadi
- ‘Allama Ghulam Yazdani Ghausvi
- Hadrat Maulana ‘Abd al-Haq Mubarakpuri
1st wife: Mohtarama Karima Khatun Sahiba:
- Hakim Shams al-Huda Marhum
- Zubeda Khatun marhuma
- Maulana Mohammed Yahya Marhum
- ‘Allama ‘Abd al-Mustafa Azhari Marhum
- ‘Allama ‘Ata al-Mustafa Marhum
2nd wife: Mohtaramah Safiyy al-Nisa Sahiba
3rd wife: Mohtarama Rabi’a Khatun Sahiba
- Muhammad Ahmed Marhum
- Qari Raza al-Mustafa Sahib
4th wife: Mohtarama Hajra Bibi Sahiba
- Mohtarama Sa’ida Khatun Marhuma
- Mohtarama ‘Aisha Khatun
- Muhaddith-e-Kabir, Hadrat ‘Allama Maulana Dia al-Mustafa Qadri
- Muhammad Marhum
- Maulana Thana al-Mustafa Sahib
- Maulana Baha al-Mustafa Sahib
- Maulana Fida al-Mustafa Sahib
JOURNEY TO THE HEREAFTER
Hadrat Sadr al-Shari’ah had already been blessed by performing his first Hajj ritual in 1337/1922. For the second time, he accompanied his spouse, and set off from Ghosi on the 26th of Shawwal 1367 A.H. the events, which occurred before and also after the event are quite astonishing.
The candle of the love of the Holy Prophet which Hadrat Sadr al-Shari’ah had in his heart illuminated and burnt even more brightly in this particular journey to Haramain Sharifain (but, actually, the journey to the hereafter). He would ask people to recite the na’at sharif, and would feel emotional after hearing the beautiful verses of the na’at.
As scheduled, in the masses of hundreds of people waiting patiently to see Hadrat Sadr al-Shari’ah he came to the railway station. At the station in front of the masses of people, he delivered an inspirational speech. Then the car arrived, and Hadrat Sadr al-Shari’ah departed. From the very beginning of his departure from his house, he felt ill, and in addition to this fact was that rain fell immensely during this journey, which made him deteriorate in health even more. This was why he had a fever, to the extent that on reaching Bombay, he had pneumonia. At the Bombay station, his treatment started. Even after so many days of treatment, he would still be in the state of unconciousness.
Hudur Mufti-e-Aa’zam was also accompanying him on this journey, and because of his regular visit to meet Hadrat Sadr al-Shari’ah to ask as to how he was, mass of people always came with him.
Once during his visits, a person recited a na’at written by Imam Ahmed Rida, immediately hearing this, Hadrat Sadr al-Shari’ah opened his eyes, and stated to give him a pillow so that he could sit up. Throughout the time that the na’at was read, Hadrat Sadr al-Shari’ah sat there, in that position, as though he was meditating.
Hudur Mufti-e-Aa’zam-e-Hind and Hadrat Sadr al-Shari’ah both were going to depart in the same plane.
However, due to Hadrat Sadr al-Shari’ah’s illness, Hadrat Mufti-e-e-Aa’zam-e-Hind, after the Maghrib (Sunset) prayers came to pay his final visit and to meet Hadrat Sadr al-Shari’ah for his last time. With eyes full of sorrowful tears for this great personality, Hadrat Mufti-e-Aa’zam-e-Hind stated:
“Go on (Carry on the final stages of your spiritual journey), I shall follow behind you”
And then Hadrat Mufti-e-Aa’zam-e-Hind departed for his journey to Hajj, and after his departure, Hadrat Sadr al-Shari’ah’s health became even worse.
Finally, on the 2nd of Dhu al-Qa’dah 1367 A.H, coinciding Monday the 2nd of September 1949, at 12:26pm, this great scholar departed to a celestial journey; instead of the intended pilgrimage, upward to the heaven and as a prelude thereof.
We are belongings of ALLAH and we are to return to Him... Whatever He takes is His, whatever He gives is His, and there is a fixed period for everything.