10th Month in the Islamic Calendar :
Shawwal : Is the tenth month of
the Islamic Calendar.
Meaning of the word Shawwaal:-
Uplift/breakage. Before Islam, Arabs believed that any marriage held in
Shawwaal would always turn out to be unsuccessful. Hence, the month
deprived the above metioned meanings, however the superstitious belief was
The month Shawwal:- From the
months of Hajj, Shawwaal is the first of them. The first day of Shawwal
is Eid-Ul-Fitr and also the day when sins are forgiven.
Six fasts of Shawwal:- In the
month of Shawwal it is Sunnah to keep six fasts, as narrated in the following
Hadith by Abu Ayyub Ansaru (Radi Allahu anhu) that the Beloved Prophet (Salla
Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam) has said, "If one throughout
his life keeps the fasts of Ramadan and keeps six consecutive fasts in Shawwal
it will be as though he has kept a whole life time of fasts, and if one keeps
the six consecutive fasts for one Shawwal month it will be as though he has
observed fast all year round."
Events which took place in
1) Hadrat Aa'ishah Siddiqah (Radi Allahu ta'ala anha) was born in Shawwal four
years after Prophethood which is nine years before Hijrah.
2) Hadrat Aa'ishah Siddiqah (Radi Allahu ta'ala anha) was married in this month
ten years after Prophethood which is three years before Hijrah.
3) The fight between Banu
Qaynaqaa took place between the battle of Badr and Uhud (Shawwal 2 A.H. after
4) The battle of Uhud also took place in Shawwal, three years after Hijrah.
5) Hadrat Imam Hussain (Radi Allahu ta'ala anhu) the Beloved Prophet's (Salla
Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam) grandson (son of Hadrat Fatima Radi
Allahu ta'ala anha) was born in the month of Shawwal four years after Hijrah.
6) The Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam)
married Hadhrat Umme Salamah (Radi Allahu ta'ala anha) in Shawwal in the fourth
year after Hijrah.
7) Hadrat Aa'ishah Siddiqah's (Radi Allahu ta'ala anha) mother passed away in 5
8) The Beloved Prophet's (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam)
uncle Abu Talib departed from this world during the middle of Shawwal in the
year 5 A.H.
9) Imam Bukhari (Radi Allahu anhu) was born on a Friday of Shawwal in the year
Beginning of the Ashur-ul-Hajj
Shawwal is the first of the three
months named as "Ashhur al-Hajj" (i.e. the months of Hajj). Although
the major acts of Hajj are normally performed in the first ten days of
Zulhijjah, yet the whole period starting from the first of Shawwal up to the
10th of Zulhijjah is held to be the period of Hajj because some acts of Hajj
can be performed any time during this period. For example, the Tawaf-ul-qudum, followed
by the Sai' of Hajj cannot be performed before Shawwal, while it can be
performed any day after the beginning of Shawwal. Similarly, an 'Umrah
performed before Shawwal cannot be treated as the 'Umrah of Tamattu: while the
'Umrah performed in Shawwal can be affiliated to the Hajj, making it a Hajj of Tamattu:
Moreover, ihram of Hajj should not be started before Shawwal, because it makruh.
For these reasons these three months have been named as the 'months of Hajj'
and the month of Shawwal has the distinction of being the first of these.
The second meritorious aspect of
Shawwal is that it has been chosen by Allah Almighty for the celebration of
"Eid-ul-fitr", one of the only two annual festivals recognized by the
Shari'ah. This happy day is designed by the Shari'ah as a sign of gratefulness
by the Muslims on the accomplishment of Ramadan, and as an immediate reward by
Allah for those who spent the month of Ramadan in fasting and performing other
forms of 'ibadah.
Instead of commemorating an event
from the past, the Shari'ah has prescribed the first of Shawwal as an annual
festival for the Muslims at an occasion when they themselves accomplish a great
'ibadah. This approach reminds the Muslims that they should not rely only on
the accomplishments of their ancestors, rather, they should themselves perform
meritorious acts to please their Creator.
In prescribing the ways to
celebrate the happy day, Islam has adopted another unique approach. The
festivals of other religions or nations normally comprise of some acts of
rejoicing and enjoyment. The whole happy day is normally spent in dancing,
singing and playing.
In contrast, Islam has prescribed
a simple yet graceful way to observe the happy day. First of all, it is
mandatory on all the well-off Muslims to start their day by paying "Sadaqat-ul-fitr"
to the poor of their society, so that they, too, may enjoy the day along with
others, and may not be worried for earning their livelihood at least on that
day of happiness.
After paying the "Sadaqat-ul-fitr",
the Muslims are required to proceed to an open place where they can offer the Eid
prayer collectively. In this way, they are supposed to present themselves
before their Creator and offer two rak'ats of this special type of Salah, which
makes them receive blessings from Allah and start their celebration by these
After the Salah also, they are
supposed to rejoice the day in a responsible manner, without violating the
limits prescribed for them and never indulging in the acts prohibited by Allah.
Keeping this point in view, we
will now discuss specific rules prescribed for observing the day of Eid-ul-fitr.
The Night Preceding 'Eid-ul-Fitr'
It had been the practice of the
Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, that he would not sleep in the night
preceding the day of Eid-ul-fitr. This night has been named in a Hadith as the
Night of Reward (Lailatul Jaiza). Almighty bestows his rewards on those who
have spent the month of Ramadan abiding by the dictates of Shari'ah, and all
their prayers in this night are accepted. Therefore, it is desirable to perform
nafl prayers in this night. The Most Beloved Prophet, Salla Allahu alayhi wa
aalihi wa sallam, is reported to have said:
Whoever stands up (in worship) in
the nights preceding the two Eids expecting rewards from his Lord, his heart
will not die when the other hearts will die. (Ibn Majah)
To benefit from this opportunity,
one should perform as much worship in this night as he can, and should pray for
all his needs and desires.
Before Going to Eid Prayer
The following acts are prescribed
as Sunnah at the beginning of the day of 'Eid-ul-Fitr before proceeding to the Eid
1. To wake up early in the
2. To clean one's teeth with a
Miswaak or a brush
3. To take a bath.
4. To put on one's best available
5. To wear perfume.
6. To eat a sweet food,
preferably dates, before the Eid prayer.
7. To recite the following Takbir
in the low voice while going to the 'Eid prayer:
Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar La
Ilaha Ila Allah Wa Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar Wa Lillahi
Sadaqat-ul-fitr is an obligation
for every Muslim, male or female, who owns 613.35 grams of silver or its
equivalent, either in the form of money, ornaments, stock-in-trade, or in the
form of some goods or commodities beyond one's normal needs. Every person who
owns such an amount has to pay Sadaqat-ul-fitr, not only on behalf of himself
but also on behalf of his minor children. The prescribed amount of Sadaqat-ul-fitr
is 1.75 Kilograms of wheat or its value in money. This amount is prescribed for
paying Sadaqat-ul-fitr for one person only. If a person has some minor
children, the same amount has to be paid on behalf of each one of them
separately. The following points must be remembered concerning the payment of Sadaqat-ul-fitr.
1. Sadaqat-ul-fitr is obligated
on each adult male or female separately, and the relevant adult person himself
is responsible to pay it. The husband is not required to pay Sadaqat-ul-fitr on
behalf of his wife nor is the wife supposed to pay it on behalf of her husband.
Similarly, a father is not bound to pay Sadaqat-ul-fitr on behalf of his adult
children or vice-versa. However, if the head of the family, by his own free
will, wishes to pay Sadaqat-ul-fitr for each one of the members of his family,
he should seek their authorization for that purpose. In this case the Sadaqat-ul-fitr
paid by him will be valid on their behalf. If he did not pay the Sadaqat-ul-fitr
on behalf of any of the members of his family, he will not be responsible for
it. Rather, it is the duty of every adult member of the family to discharge his
own obligation or to request the head of the family to pay it on his or her
2. It is a Sunnah that the Sadaqat-ul-fitr
is paid before performing the 'Eid prayer. It can also be paid before the 'Eid day,
but it is not advisable to delay it up to the performance of'Eid prayer.
However, if a person has failed to pay on its proper time, he should pay it as
soon as possible, whereby the obligation will stand discharged.
3. The Sadaqat-ul-fitr is not
necessary on behalf of a child who was born after the break of dawn in the 'Eid
day, nor is it necessary to pay Sadaqat-ul-fitr on behalf of a person who dies
before the dawn of the Eid day.
4. Sadaqat-ul-fitr should be paid
only to a person who is entitled to receive Zakah.
The second obligation on 'Eid day
is to perform the 'Eid prayer. Some rules in this respect are mentioned
1. The Eid prayer is Wajib (obligatory)
on every male Muslim.
2. The Eid prayer can be
performed any time between the Ishraq and Zawal.
3. It is preferable that the 'Eid
prayer is performed at an open field and not in a mosque. However, if, it is difficult
for any reason to perform it in an open field, it can also be performed in a
4. It is not advisable to hold
the 'Eid prayer in every mosque, rather it is preferable that the people from
several small mosques get together to either perform it in an open field or, in
its absence, in a big mosque which can accommodate a large number of people.
5. No Nafl Salah can be performed
before the 'Eid prayer, neither in one's home, nor at the place of' Eid prayer.
Similarly, Nafl prayer cannot be performed after the Eid prayer at the same
place. However, it can be performed after one comes back to his home.
6. The Eid prayer has neither Adhan
Concerning the ritual prayer of
those emancipated (From the fire of Hell) in the month Shawwal (salat
al-'utaqa' fi Shawwal)
Excerpted from Ghunya al-Talibin
by Sayidduna Ya Shaykh Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani (Radi Allahu ta'ala anhu)
As for the ritual prayer of those
who are emancipated [from the Fire of Hell] in [the month of] Shawwal [salat
al-’utaqa’ fi Shawwal], we learn from a traditional report, transmitted [by a
chain of reliable authorities] from Anas [ibn Malik]* (may Allah be well
pleased with him), that Allah's Messenger (Allah bless him and give him peace)
"If someone performs eight
cycles of ritual prayer [raka’at] in the month of Shawwal, either during the
night or during the day-reciting in each cycle the Opening Sura of the Book [Fatihat
al-Kitab] [one time] and "Qul Huwa'llahu Ahad [Say: 'He is Allah,
One!']" fifteen times-and if, when he has finished performing his ritual
prayer [salat], he glorifies Allah [sabbaha] seventy times, and invokes Allah's
blessing upon the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) seventy times --
by Him who sent me as a Prophet bearing the Truth [bi'l-Haqqi Nabiyyan], no
servant [of the Lord] will perform this ritual prayer [salat], without Allah
causing the fountains of wisdom [yanabi’ al-hikma] to well up in his heart, and
causing his tongue to speak with wisdom, and showing him both the sickness of
this world and the cure for that sickness.
By Him who sent me as a Prophet
bearing the Truth [bi'l-Haqqi Nabiyyan], if someone performs this ritual prayer
[salat], exactly as I have just described it, that person will not raise his
head from his final prostration [sujud] until Allah has granted him forgiveness,
and if he dies, he will die as a martyr [shahid] to whom forgiveness has been
Nor will any servant [of the
Lord] perform this ritual prayer [salat], in the course of a journey, without
Allah making it smooth and easy for him to travel and arrive at his intended
destination. If he is burdened with debt, Allah will settle his debt. If he is
needy, Allah will satisfy his needs.
By Him who sent me as a Prophet
bearing the Truth [bi'l-Haqqi Nabiyyan], no servant [of the Lord] will perform
this ritual prayer [salat], without Allah (Exalted is He) granting him -- for
every letter [harf] and every verse [aya] [of his Qur’anic recitation] --a makhrafa
in the Garden of Paradise."
Someone asked: "And what is
this makhrafa, O Messenger of Allah?" So he went on to explain (Allah
bless him and give him peace):
"[The term makhrafa is
applied to] orchards in the Garden
of Paradise, through
which the rider may travel for a hundred years without passing beyond the shade
of just one of the trees that grow there."
ISNAD FOR THE HADITH as provided
by Shaykh ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani, may Allah be pleased with him: This report
was conveyed to us by Shaykh Abu Nasr Muhammad ibn al-Banna’, on the authority
of his father, Shaykh Abu ‘Ali ibn Ahmad ibn ‘Abdi'llah ibn al-Banna’, who
cited the following chain of transmission [isnad]: Abu ‘Abdi'llah al-Husain ibn
‘Umar al-’Allaf -- Abu 'l-Qasim al-Qadi [the Judge] -- Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn
Siddiq -- Ya’qub ibn ‘Abd ar-Rahman -- Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn Ja’far al-Marwazi --
’Ali ibn Ma’ruf -- Muhammad ibn Mahmud -- Yahya ibn Shubaib-Hamid -- Anas [ibn
Malik] (may Allah be well pleased with him) -- the Prophet (Allah bless him and
give him peace).
Important Islamic Dates and Anniversaries of Shawwal :
1st - Eid al-Fitr
1st - Urs ; Hadrat Imam Fakhruddin Razi
4th - Nikah ; Bibi Hadrat Ayesha Siddeeqa
5th - Urs ; Makhdoom Yahya Mistri
5th - Wissal ; Umm-al Mu'mineen Hadrat Sawda
6th - Urs ; Hadrat Khawaja Usman Harooni, Makkah Shareef
6th - Battle of Uhud (3rd year of Hijra)
6th - Wissal ; Sayyad Tajuddin Abdur Razzaq, Baghdad Shareef
7th - Urs ; Hadrat Abd'al Aziz Muhaddith Dehlvi, Delhi
7th - Battle of
Hunain (8th year of Hijra)
9th - Urs ; Hadrat Owais al-Qarani
9th - Urs ; Hadrat Imam Bukhari, Bukhara Shareef
10th - Birth ; A'la Hadrat Imam Ahmad Raza Khan, Bareilly Shareef
11th - Ghiyarwee Shareef ; As-Shaykh Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani
13th - Gazwa : Taif
14th - Martyrdom ; Hadrat Amir Hamza, Madinah Shareef
14th - Birth ; Hadrat Imam Mujaddid Alf Thani, Sirhind
15th - Battle of Khandaq (5th year of Hijra)
15th - Urs ; Hadrat Imam Jafar Saddiq, Madinah Shareef
16th - Urs ; Hadrat Abu Daud Sulayman
18th - Urs ; Hadrat Amir Khusro, Delhi
20th - Urs ; Hadrat Rukaiyya binte Rasulullah Salla Allahu
alayhi wa Sallam
21st - Urs ; Hadrat Khawaja Muhammad Masoom, Sirhind
23th - Wissal Hadrat Sayyad Ali Jilani, Baghdad Shareef
27th - Nikah ; Hadrat Umme Salma
29th - Nikah ; Hadrat Fatima Zahra to Hadrat Ali