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Posted on: 18 Aug 2012 Tagged by:


10th Month in the Islamic Calendar : Shawwal

Shawwal : Is the tenth month of the Islamic Calendar.

Meaning of the word Shawwaal:- Uplift/breakage.  Before Islam, Arabs believed that any marriage held in Shawwaal would always turn out to be unsuccessful.  Hence, the month deprived the above metioned meanings, however the superstitious belief was later abolished.

 

The month Shawwal:- From the months of Hajj, Shawwaal is the first of them.  The first day of Shawwal is Eid-Ul-Fitr and also the day when sins are forgiven.

Six fasts of Shawwal:- In the month of Shawwal it is Sunnah to keep six fasts, as narrated in the following Hadith by Abu Ayyub Ansaru (Radi Allahu anhu) that the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam) has said, "If one throughout his life keeps the fasts of Ramadan and keeps six consecutive fasts in Shawwal it will be as though he has kept a whole life time of fasts, and if one keeps the six consecutive fasts for one Shawwal month it will be as though he has observed fast all year round."

(Muslim)

 

Events which took place in Shawwal:-


1) Hadrat Aa'ishah Siddiqah (Radi Allahu ta'ala anha) was born in Shawwal four years after Prophethood which is nine years before Hijrah.


2) Hadrat Aa'ishah Siddiqah (Radi Allahu ta'ala anha) was married in this month ten years after Prophethood which is three years before Hijrah.

 

3) The fight between Banu Qaynaqaa took place between the battle of Badr and Uhud (Shawwal 2 A.H. after Hijrah)


4) The battle of Uhud also took place in Shawwal, three years after Hijrah.


5) Hadrat Imam Hussain (Radi Allahu ta'ala anhu) the Beloved Prophet's (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam) grandson (son of Hadrat Fatima Radi Allahu ta'ala anha) was born in the month of Shawwal four years after Hijrah.


6) The Beloved Prophet  (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam) married Hadhrat Umme Salamah (Radi Allahu ta'ala anha) in Shawwal in the fourth year after Hijrah.


7) Hadrat Aa'ishah Siddiqah's (Radi Allahu ta'ala anha) mother passed away in 5 A.H.


8) The Beloved Prophet's (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam) uncle Abu Talib departed from this world during the middle of Shawwal in the year 5 A.H.


9) Imam Bukhari (Radi Allahu anhu) was born on a Friday of Shawwal in the year 194 A.H.

 

 

 

Beginning of the Ashur-ul-Hajj

 

Shawwal is the first of the three months named as "Ashhur al-Hajj" (i.e. the months of Hajj). Although the major acts of Hajj are normally performed in the first ten days of Zulhijjah, yet the whole period starting from the first of Shawwal up to the 10th of Zulhijjah is held to be the period of Hajj because some acts of Hajj can be performed any time during this period. For example, the Tawaf-ul-qudum, followed by the Sai' of Hajj cannot be performed before Shawwal, while it can be performed any day after the beginning of Shawwal. Similarly, an 'Umrah performed before Shawwal cannot be treated as the 'Umrah of Tamattu: while the 'Umrah performed in Shawwal can be affiliated to the Hajj, making it a Hajj of Tamattu: Moreover, ihram of Hajj should not be started before Shawwal, because it makruh. For these reasons these three months have been named as the 'months of Hajj' and the month of Shawwal has the distinction of being the first of these.

 

Eid-ul-fitr

 

The second meritorious aspect of Shawwal is that it has been chosen by Allah Almighty for the celebration of "Eid-ul-fitr", one of the only two annual festivals recognized by the Shari'ah. This happy day is designed by the Shari'ah as a sign of gratefulness by the Muslims on the accomplishment of Ramadan, and as an immediate reward by Allah for those who spent the month of Ramadan in fasting and performing other forms of 'ibadah.

 

Instead of commemorating an event from the past, the Shari'ah has prescribed the first of Shawwal as an annual festival for the Muslims at an occasion when they themselves accomplish a great 'ibadah. This approach reminds the Muslims that they should not rely only on the accomplishments of their ancestors, rather, they should themselves perform meritorious acts to please their Creator.

 

In prescribing the ways to celebrate the happy day, Islam has adopted another unique approach. The festivals of other religions or nations normally comprise of some acts of rejoicing and enjoyment. The whole happy day is normally spent in dancing, singing and playing.

 

In contrast, Islam has prescribed a simple yet graceful way to observe the happy day. First of all, it is mandatory on all the well-off Muslims to start their day by paying "Sadaqat-ul-fitr" to the poor of their society, so that they, too, may enjoy the day along with others, and may not be worried for earning their livelihood at least on that day of happiness.

 

After paying the "Sadaqat-ul-fitr", the Muslims are required to proceed to an open place where they can offer the Eid prayer collectively. In this way, they are supposed to present themselves before their Creator and offer two rak'ats of this special type of Salah, which makes them receive blessings from Allah and start their celebration by these divine blessings.

 

After the Salah also, they are supposed to rejoice the day in a responsible manner, without violating the limits prescribed for them and never indulging in the acts prohibited by Allah.

Keeping this point in view, we will now discuss specific rules prescribed for observing the day of Eid-ul-fitr.

 

The Night Preceding 'Eid-ul-Fitr'

 

It had been the practice of the Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, that he would not sleep in the night preceding the day of Eid-ul-fitr. This night has been named in a Hadith as the Night of Reward (Lailatul Jaiza). Almighty bestows his rewards on those who have spent the month of Ramadan abiding by the dictates of Shari'ah, and all their prayers in this night are accepted. Therefore, it is desirable to perform nafl prayers in this night. The Most Beloved Prophet, Salla Allahu alayhi wa aalihi wa sallam, is reported to have said:

 

Whoever stands up (in worship) in the nights preceding the two Eids expecting rewards from his Lord, his heart will not die when the other hearts will die. (Ibn Majah)

 

To benefit from this opportunity, one should perform as much worship in this night as he can, and should pray for all his needs and desires.

 

Before Going to Eid Prayer

 

The following acts are prescribed as Sunnah at the beginning of the day of 'Eid-ul-Fitr before proceeding to the Eid prayer:

 

1. To wake up early in the morning.

2. To clean one's teeth with a Miswaak or a brush

3. To take a bath.

4. To put on one's best available clothes.

5. To wear perfume.

6. To eat a sweet food, preferably dates, before the Eid prayer.

7. To recite the following Takbir in the low voice while going to the 'Eid prayer:

 

Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar La Ilaha Ila Allah Wa Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar Wa Lillahi Alhamd

 

Sadaqat-ul-fitr

 

Sadaqat-ul-fitr is an obligation for every Muslim, male or female, who owns 613.35 grams of silver or its equivalent, either in the form of money, ornaments, stock-in-trade, or in the form of some goods or commodities beyond one's normal needs. Every person who owns such an amount has to pay Sadaqat-ul-fitr, not only on behalf of himself but also on behalf of his minor children. The prescribed amount of Sadaqat-ul-fitr is 1.75 Kilograms of wheat or its value in money. This amount is prescribed for paying Sadaqat-ul-fitr for one person only. If a person has some minor children, the same amount has to be paid on behalf of each one of them separately. The following points must be remembered concerning the payment of Sadaqat-ul-fitr.

 

1. Sadaqat-ul-fitr is obligated on each adult male or female separately, and the relevant adult person himself is responsible to pay it. The husband is not required to pay Sadaqat-ul-fitr on behalf of his wife nor is the wife supposed to pay it on behalf of her husband. Similarly, a father is not bound to pay Sadaqat-ul-fitr on behalf of his adult children or vice-versa. However, if the head of the family, by his own free will, wishes to pay Sadaqat-ul-fitr for each one of the members of his family, he should seek their authorization for that purpose. In this case the Sadaqat-ul-fitr paid by him will be valid on their behalf. If he did not pay the Sadaqat-ul-fitr on behalf of any of the members of his family, he will not be responsible for it. Rather, it is the duty of every adult member of the family to discharge his own obligation or to request the head of the family to pay it on his or her behalf.

 

2. It is a Sunnah that the Sadaqat-ul-fitr is paid before performing the 'Eid prayer. It can also be paid before the 'Eid day, but it is not advisable to delay it up to the performance of'Eid prayer. However, if a person has failed to pay on its proper time, he should pay it as soon as possible, whereby the obligation will stand discharged.

 

3. The Sadaqat-ul-fitr is not necessary on behalf of a child who was born after the break of dawn in the 'Eid day, nor is it necessary to pay Sadaqat-ul-fitr on behalf of a person who dies before the dawn of the Eid day.

 

4. Sadaqat-ul-fitr should be paid only to a person who is entitled to receive Zakah.

The 'Eid Prayer

 

The second obligation on 'Eid day is to perform the 'Eid prayer. Some rules in this respect are mentioned hereunder:

 

1. The Eid prayer is Wajib (obligatory) on every male Muslim.

 

2. The Eid prayer can be performed any time between the Ishraq and Zawal.

 

3. It is preferable that the 'Eid prayer is performed at an open field and not in a mosque. However, if, it is difficult for any reason to perform it in an open field, it can also be performed in a big mosque.

 

4. It is not advisable to hold the 'Eid prayer in every mosque, rather it is preferable that the people from several small mosques get together to either perform it in an open field or, in its absence, in a big mosque which can accommodate a large number of people.

 

5. No Nafl Salah can be performed before the 'Eid prayer, neither in one's home, nor at the place of' Eid prayer. Similarly, Nafl prayer cannot be performed after the Eid prayer at the same place. However, it can be performed after one comes back to his home.

 

6. The Eid prayer has neither Adhan nor Iqamah.

 

Concerning the ritual prayer of those emancipated (From the fire of Hell) in the month Shawwal (salat al-'utaqa' fi Shawwal)

Excerpted from Ghunya al-Talibin li-Tariq al-Haqq
by Sayidduna  Ya Shaykh Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani (Radi Allahu ta'ala anhu)

As for the ritual prayer of those who are emancipated [from the Fire of Hell] in [the month of] Shawwal [salat al-’utaqa’ fi Shawwal], we learn from a traditional report, transmitted [by a chain of reliable authorities] from Anas [ibn Malik]* (may Allah be well pleased with him), that Allah's Messenger (Allah bless him and give him peace) once said:

 

"If someone performs eight cycles of ritual prayer [raka’at] in the month of Shawwal, either during the night or during the day-reciting in each cycle the Opening Sura of the Book [Fatihat al-Kitab] [one time] and "Qul Huwa'llahu Ahad [Say: 'He is Allah, One!']" fifteen times-and if, when he has finished performing his ritual prayer [salat], he glorifies Allah [sabbaha] seventy times, and invokes Allah's blessing upon the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) seventy times -- by Him who sent me as a Prophet bearing the Truth [bi'l-Haqqi Nabiyyan], no servant [of the Lord] will perform this ritual prayer [salat], without Allah causing the fountains of wisdom [yanabi’ al-hikma] to well up in his heart, and causing his tongue to speak with wisdom, and showing him both the sickness of this world and the cure for that sickness.

 

By Him who sent me as a Prophet bearing the Truth [bi'l-Haqqi Nabiyyan], if someone performs this ritual prayer [salat], exactly as I have just described it, that person will not raise his head from his final prostration [sujud] until Allah has granted him forgiveness, and if he dies, he will die as a martyr [shahid] to whom forgiveness has been granted.

 

Nor will any servant [of the Lord] perform this ritual prayer [salat], in the course of a journey, without Allah making it smooth and easy for him to travel and arrive at his intended destination. If he is burdened with debt, Allah will settle his debt. If he is needy, Allah will satisfy his needs.

 

By Him who sent me as a Prophet bearing the Truth [bi'l-Haqqi Nabiyyan], no servant [of the Lord] will perform this ritual prayer [salat], without Allah (Exalted is He) granting him -- for every letter [harf] and every verse [aya] [of his Qur’anic recitation] --a makhrafa in the Garden of Paradise."

 

Someone asked: "And what is this makhrafa, O Messenger of Allah?" So he went on to explain (Allah bless him and give him peace):

"[The term makhrafa is applied to] orchards in the Garden of Paradise, through which the rider may travel for a hundred years without passing beyond the shade of just one of the trees that grow there."

 

ISNAD FOR THE HADITH as provided by Shaykh ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani, may Allah be pleased with him: This report was conveyed to us by Shaykh Abu Nasr Muhammad ibn al-Banna’, on the authority of his father, Shaykh Abu ‘Ali ibn Ahmad ibn ‘Abdi'llah ibn al-Banna’, who cited the following chain of transmission [isnad]: Abu ‘Abdi'llah al-Husain ibn ‘Umar al-’Allaf -- Abu 'l-Qasim al-Qadi [the Judge] -- Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Siddiq -- Ya’qub ibn ‘Abd ar-Rahman -- Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn Ja’far al-Marwazi -- ’Ali ibn Ma’ruf -- Muhammad ibn Mahmud -- Yahya ibn Shubaib-Hamid -- Anas [ibn Malik] (may Allah be well pleased with him) -- the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace).

 

Important Islamic Dates and Anniversaries of Shawwal :



1st  -  Eid al-Fitr


1st  -  Urs ; Hadrat Imam Fakhruddin Razi 


4th  -  Nikah ; Bibi Hadrat Ayesha Siddeeqa


5th  -  Urs ; Makhdoom Yahya Mistri 

 
5th  -  Wissal ; Umm-al Mu'mineen Hadrat Sawda 


6th  -  Urs ; Hadrat Khawaja Usman Harooni, Makkah Shareef 

 
6th  -  Battle of  Uhud (3rd year of Hijra)


6th  -  Wissal ; Sayyad Tajuddin Abdur Razzaq, Baghdad Shareef


7th  -  Urs ; Hadrat Abd'al Aziz Muhaddith Dehlvi, Delhi 

 

7th  -  Battle of Hunain (8th year of Hijra)


9th  -  Urs ; Hadrat Owais al-Qarani 

 
9th  -  Urs ; Hadrat Imam Bukhari, Bukhara Shareef 


10th -  Birth ; A'la Hadrat Imam Ahmad Raza Khan, Bareilly Shareef


11th -  Ghiyarwee Shareef ; As-Shaykh Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani


13th -  Gazwa : Taif


14th -  Martyrdom ; Hadrat Amir Hamza, Madinah Shareef 


14th -  Birth ; Hadrat Imam Mujaddid Alf Thani, Sirhind


15th -  Battle of Khandaq (5th year of Hijra)


15th -  Urs ; Hadrat Imam Jafar Saddiq, Madinah Shareef 


16th -  Urs ; Hadrat Abu Daud Sulayman

 
18th -  Urs ; Hadrat Amir Khusro, Delhi


20th -  Urs ; Hadrat Rukaiyya binte Rasulullah Salla Allahu alayhi wa Sallam

21st -  Urs ; Hadrat Khawaja Muhammad Masoom, Sirhind


23th -  Wissal Hadrat Sayyad Ali Jilani, Baghdad Shareef 

 
27th -  Nikah ; Hadrat Umme Salma


29th -  Nikah ; Hadrat Fatima Zahra to Hadrat Ali

 

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